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Vibrations in engineering and technology

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 4 (103)

Published: 2021.12.24
DOI: 10.37128/2306-8744-2021-4


Description:
The journal deals with the problems of vibration technologies and machines, mathematical methods of vibration process studies, information on design and technological development, presents teaching and methodological aspects of teaching in the Higher School of Applied Sciences, where vibration machines and technologies are studied.

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WAYS OF INTENSIFICATION OF PRODUCTION HERB SEEDS

DOI: 10.37128/2306-8744-2021-4-12
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Spirin Anatoly - candidate of technical sciences, associate professor, teacher of Separate structural subdivision «Ladyzhyn vocational college of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University» (Kravchik Petro St., 5, Ladyzhyn, Vinnytsia Region, Ukraine, 24321, e-mail: spirinanatoly16@gmail.com.

Tsurkan Oleh – Doctor of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Director of Separate structural subdivision «Ladyzhyn vocational college of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University» (Kravchik Petro St., 5, Ladyzhyn, Vinnytsia Region, Ukraine, 24321, e-mail: tsurkan_ov76@ukr.net).

Tverdokhlib Igor – candidate of technical sciences, associate professor of the department of general technical disciplines and occupational safety, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University: Vinniytsia, st. Sonyachna 3, VNAU, 21008, e-mail: igor_tverdokhlib@yahoo.com.

Omelyanov Oleg Mykolaovich – assistant of the department of general technical disciplines and occupational safety, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University: Vinniytsia, st. Sonyachna 3, VNAU, 21008, Ukraine, e-mail: omomelyanov@gmail.com, https://orcid.org/ 0000-0002-0441-6586)

 

Annotation

The main reason holding back the development of seed production is the agro-technical and physical-technical features of plants and, in fact, seeds. There are no special combines for harvesting grass seeds yet, so it is recommended to use serial combine harvesters equipped with special devices to harvest them. The main directions of improving the process of seed heap treatment on stationary is the intensification of the process of primary cleaning of seeds and their wiping from beans, which provides an opportunity to increase the productivity of the technological line and reduce the complexity of the process. The paper compared the six most common technologies for harvesting alfalfa seeds by the following individual indicators: operating costs (UAH / ha), energy consumption (MJ / ha), metal consumption (kg / ha), crop losses (kg / ha). The best results of complex comparison are in those technologies that process all collected seed mass into stationary ones.

The authors developed the design of a grater device with horizontal grater discs. To obtain new scientific data on the physical process of wiping seeds from beans and to study the patterns that occur, experimental studies were conducted that allowed to obtain rational design and technological parameters of the wiping process. One of the ways to intensify the process of production of legume seeds is a combination of technological processes of wiping and separation in one machine. Analysis of various separating devices showed that machines with a rotating sieve of cylindrical or conical shape are best suited for this purpose. Extending the residence time of the material on the sieve by applying a conical surface increases the yield of pure seeds, and also contributes to the uniform loading of the sieve surface, which improves the quality of the source material.

 

Keywords: alfalfa, clover, seeds, harvesting technology, grater, wiping, separation.

List of references

1. Spirin A.V., Tverdokhlib I.V. (2019). Systemnyi pidkhid do doslidzhennia tekhnolohii zbyrannia nasinnykiv liutserny. Molod i tekhnichnyi prohres v APK: materialy Mizhnarodnoi naukovo-praktychnoi konferentsii. Vinnytsia. 226-227. [in Ukrainian].

2. Tverdokhlib I.V. (2017). Pidvyshchennia efektyvnosti zbyrannia nasinnykiv trav. Visnyk mashynobuduvannia ta transportu. Vinnytsia. №2 (6). 158-163. [in Ukrainian].

3. Rudnytskyi B.O., Spirin A.V., Mamalyha V.S. (2011). Ahroekolohichni aspekty vedennia nasinnytstva kormovykh trav ta holovni napriamy bezpeky pratsi pry tsomu. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats VNAU. №9 (49). 186-196. [in Ukrainian].

4. Antoniv S.F., Rudnytskyi B.O. (2017) Osoblyvosti tekhnolohii vyroshchuvannia nasinnia novykh ta perspektyvnykh sortiv bobovykh trav v umovakh lisostepu Ukrainy. Silske hospodarstvo ta lisivnytstvo. №7(49). 70-76. [in Ukrainian].

5. Nikolaj Perepravo, Vladimir Zolotarev, Aleksej Sevcov, Juriy Ahlamov, Sergey Otrosko, Nikolaj Sarikov, Vladimir Kosolapov, Andrej Marczuk, Jacek Caban, (2016). Improvement let harvesting methods of perennial seed grass. Agricultural Engineering. Vol. 20, №4. 167-173. [in Rumyniia].

6. Molotkov L.N., Ratmanov M.V. (2018). Tekhnolohyy uborky semennykov mnoholetnykh trav. Importozaminy tekhnolohii vyroshchuvannia, zberihannia i pererobky produktsii sadivnytstva ta roslynnytstva: Materialy IV mizhnarodnoi naukovo-praktychnoi konferentsii. Uman: Vydavets «Sachinskyi M.M.». 63-64. [in Ukrainian].

7. Lamakyn S.H., Ratmanov V.E., Husev A.P. (2012). Uborka semennykov klevera s yspolzovanyem zernouborochnukh kombainov. Vestnyk FHOU VPO MHAU. №1. 30-33. [in Russian].

8. Borysova M.L., Dyanov L.V. (2015). Puty snyzhenyia poter semennoi massu polevukh kultur pry kombainovoi uborke. Vestnyk APK Verkhnevolhyia. №3(31). 85-88. [in Russian].

9. Aneliak M.M., Tverdokhlib I.V., Spirin A.V., Kuzmych A.Ia., Kustov S.O. (2012). Osnovni pidkhody do obgruntuvannia tekhnolohichnykh rishen protsesu obmolotu, vytyrannia ta separatsii nasinnia bobovykh trav. Promyslova hidravlika ta pnevmatyka. №1(35). 15-18. [in Ukrainian].

10. Sheichenko V.O., Aneliak M.M., Kuzmych A.Ia., Baranovskyi V.M., (2016). Intensyfikatsiia protsesu zbyrannia nasinnia bahatorichnykh trav. Tekhnika, enerhetyka, transport APK. №2 (94). 29-33. [in Ukrainian].

11. Spirin A.V., Tverdokhlib I.V. (2016). Perspektyvna tekhnolohiia zbyrannia nasinnykiv trav. Tekhnika, enerhetyka, transport APK. №1 (93), 25-27 [in Ukrainian].

12. Э.V. Zhalnyna. (1985).Typovue tekhnolohyy uborky trav na semena s obrabotkoi urozhaia na statsyonarnom punkte . Moskva:. 47. [in Russian].

13. Solomka O.V. (2017). Obgruntuvannia tekhnolohichnoho protsesu zbyrannia nasinnia liutserny metodom obchisuvannia: monohrafiia. Kyiv: NUBIP Ukrainy. 147 s. [in Ukrainian].

14. O. Tsurkan, A. Spirin, O.Herasymov, I. Kovalova. (2011). Vyznachennia konkurentospromozhnosti vibratsiinoi susharky F-KVS dlia filtratsiino-konvektyvnoho sushinnia harbuzovoho nasinnia. Tekhnika i tekhnolohii APK. 2011. №1 (16). S. 24-28. [in Ukrainian].

15. Spirin A.V., Ivanov M.I., Kovalova I.M., Hunko A.S. (2013). Otsinka na konkurentospromozhnist doslidnoho zrazka do ochysnyka hychky tsukrovoho buriaka iz dvokoordynatnym pryvodom. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats VNAU. Seriia: Tekhnichni nauky.№2 (79). 69-76. [in Ukrainian].

16. Tverdokhlib I.V., Spirin A.V. (2016). Theoretical studies on the working capacity of disk devices for grinding agricultural crop seeds Inmateh. Agricultural Engineering. Bucharest : National Institute of research-development for machines and installations designed to Agriculture and food industry. Vol. 48. No.1 P. 43–52. [in Rumyniia]

17. Molotylno-separuochyi prystrii (2013).: Pat № 101449 Ukraina. MPK A01F 11/00, A01F 7/00. zaiavl. 27.01.2012 ; opubl. 25.03. Biul. № 6. [in Ukrainian].

18. Spirin A.V., Tverdokhlib I.V., Zamrii M.A. (2021). Vyznachennia rezhymu funktsionuvannia vidtsentrovo-hravitatsiinoho separatora terkovoho prystroiu. Vibratsii v tekhnitsi ta tekhnolohiiakh. №3 (102). 64-71. [in Ukrainian].

 

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

The journal "Vibrations   in engineering  and technology" presents materials on the following issues

• Theory of processes and machines
• Mechanical Engineering and materialprocessing
• Processing and food production

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2306-8744
DOI: 10.37128/2306-8744

The certificateof massmediaState registration:kv no 16643-5115 from 30.04.2010 .
Founder of the journal: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Kind of publication: journal
Type of publication : Scientific
Publication status: Domestic
Year of founding:
Periodicity: 4 times a year
Extent: 18.75 nominal printed pages
ISSN: 2306-8744 (printed version), (online)
Language of edition  : (mixed languages) Ukrainian, English
The scope of the distribution and the category of readers: national, foreign, teaching staff, scientists, businessmen.
Periodical is included in the list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine approved by the Order of Ministry of Education and Sciences of Ukraine from 21.12.2015 No. 1328.
The journal "Vibrations in engineering and technology" is included in the "Catalogue of periodicals of Ukraine".
Journal subscription can be executed in each post office department.
 Subscription Index is  99720.

 

Old version of site: http://vibrojournal.vsau.edu.ua/

History of journal:

In June 1994 the 2nd International Scientific and Technical Conference "Application of vibrations for technological purposes" was organized on the basis of Vinnytsia State Agricultural Institute. Leading experts in this field, noting the significant contribution to the school of Vibration Engineering under the leadership of P. S. Bernyk, proposed to create a professional all-Ukrainian scientific and technical journal "Vibration in engineering and technology..The journal was foundedat Vinnytsia State Agricultural Institute and P.S. Bernyk was elected to be the chief editor .
For all these years (since 1994) theJournal "vibration in engineering and technology" published  94 issues wherestudy of vibration effects, the creation of progressive energy saving technologies and equipment for their implementation were highlighted.
Currently Kaletnik H.M  PhD , professor, academician NAAS is the chief editor of the "Vibrations in engineering  and Technology"
The journal "Vibration in Engineering and technology", which has no analogues on the territory of Ukraine, is well known abroad.