logo

Vibrations in engineering and technology

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 1(96)

Published: 2020.09.01
DOI: 10.37128/2306-8744-2020-1


Description:
The journal deals with the problems of vibration technologies and machines, mathematical methods of vibration process studies, information on design and technological development, presents teaching and methodological aspects of teaching in the Higher School of Applied Sciences, where vibration machines and technologies are studied.

Read about journal

RESEARCH ON THE QUALITY OF SEPARATION OF THE POTATO MILLER WITH BRIDGE WORKING AUTHORITIES OF THE POTATO MACHINE

DOI: 10.37128/2306-8744-2020-1-14
PDF Повернутись

Hrushetskiy Sergiy - Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Agroengineering and System Engineering Podilsky State Agrarian and Technical University (St. Shevchenko, 13, Kamianets-Podilsky, Khmelnytsky region, 32316, e-mail: g.sergiy.1969@gmail.com).

Yaropud Vitaliy - Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of machinery and equipment for agricultural production of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (St. Soniachna, 3, Vinnytsia, Ukraine, 21008, e-mail: yaropud77@gmail.com).

Babyn Ihor – assistant of the department of machines and equipment of agricultural production,Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (3, Solnyshchaya str., Vinnytsia, 21008, Ukraine, e-mail: babyn@vsau.vin.ua).

 

 

Annotation

From a brief analytical review of the works devoted to the research of the digging working bodies of potato harvesting machines, it can be seen that by the present time considerable theoretical and experimental material has been accumulated, which reveals the regularities of the processes of interaction of working bodies of different structures with the bulbous mass. However, to date, it has not been possible to create a sufficiently efficient, reliable, low-energy device that satisfies all the agrotechnical requirements of a potato harvester and the problem of developing such a device still remains relevant.

Considering the urgency of the issues related to the development of the bribery working bodies in the creation of reliable high-performance potato harvesting machines of relatively low energy intensity, in this work the aim is to systematize and generalize the research on modern technologies for growing and harvesting potatoes and to create a new construction of the bribery working potato took together with the tubers a minimum amount of soil and provided the possibility of better crushing of the formation to facilitate separation when increasing the ex plutational productivity, technological reliability of the undermining working body and reducing its traction resistance.

According to the results of the researches, a new combined excavator working body was developed, which contains passive brazing blades and detachable discs with soil hooks and provides work at high speeds. The use of new dredging working bodies will increase the purity of the heap ladder by 30.8% compared to the baseline. It is proved that the installation in the excavation part of the discs with soil hooks on the side surface allows to significantly improve the crumb formation in comparison with the basic variant. As a result of the comparative tests of experimental potato diggers equipped with the developed excavating part, with the use of its final rigging. It is established that the use of detachable disc elements in the undercut part significantly reduces the traction resistance of the experimental undercut working body in comparison with the basic variant of their work, improves the cover of the bourbon layer and allows to increase the purity of the pile ladder. Investigation of wear of the developed gear discs during the research period has shown that in the absence of a manufacturing defect, the life of the disks will be equal to the life of the potato harvester.

Keywords: potato, potato mass, potato harvester, potato harvester.

List of references

[1]    Hrushetskiy S.M. (2016). Analiz suchasnykh tekhnolohiy vyroshchuvannya i zbyrannya kartopli [Analysis of modern technologies for growing and harvesting potatoes]. Zbirnyk naukovykh pratsʹ PDATU. Vyp. 24, chas. 2 (tekhnichni nauky). S. 55-64.

[2]    Hrushetskiy S.M. (2008). Obgruntuvannya konstruktsiyi i parametriv lemishno-polytsevoho kartoplekopacha z barabannym separatorom kartoplyanoho vorokhu [Substantiation of the design and parameters of the blade-shelf potato digger with the drum separator of potato heap]. Dysertatsiya kandydata tekhnichnykh nauk. 05.05.11. Vinnytsya. 285 s.

[3]    Pohorelyy L.V., Tatʹyanko M.V. (2004). Sveklouborochnye mashyny: ystoryya, konstruktsyya, teoryya, prohnoz [Beet-harvesting machines: history, design, theory]. Fenyks. 232 s.

[4]    Dubrovyn V., Holub H., Baranovskyy V., Teslyuk V. (2013). Ydentyfykatsyya protsessa razrabotky adaptyrovannoy korneuborochnoy mashyny [Identification of the process of developing an adapted root harvesting machine]. MOTROL. Commission of motorization and energetics in agriculture. An international journal on operation of farm and agrifood industry machinery. Lublin-Rzeszow. Vol. 15. № 3. S. 243-255.

[5]    Ramsh V.YU., Baranovsʹkyy V.M., Panʹkiv M.R. (2011). Analiz tendentsiy rozvytku robochykh orhaniv dlya separatsiyi vorokhu koreneplodiv [Analysis of tendencies of development of working bodies for separation of heap of roots]. Naukovi notatky. LNTU. Vyp. 31. S. 298-305.

[6]    Baranovsʹkyy V.M., Onyshchenko V.B., Solomka V.O. (2002). Napryamky vdoskonalennya separuvalʹnykh robochykh orhaniv korenezbyralʹnykh mashyn [Areas of improvement of the separating working bodies of root harvesting machines]. Zbirnyk naukovykh pratsʹ NAU „Mekhanizatsiya silʹsʹkohospodarsʹkoho vyrobnytstva”. Tom KHII. Kyyiv. S. 31-42.

[7]    Kaletnik H.M., Pryshlyak V.M., Yaropud V.M., Bulhakov V.M., Pylypaka S.F. Matematychne modelyuvannya rukhu skyby gruntu po ploshchyni kosoho klyna [Mathematical modeling of the motion of a soil slice along the oblique wedge plane]. Vseukrayinsʹkyy naukovo-tekhnichnyy zhurnal «Vibratsiyi v tekhnitsi ta tekhnolohiyakh». VNAU. 2013 r. Vyp. 4 (72). S. 27-36.

[8]    Bulhakov V.M., Pylypaka S.F., Zakharova T.N., Kaletnik H.M., Yaropud V.M. Ploski vertykalʹni kryvi, yaki zabezpechuyutʹ postiyni tysk i shvydkistʹ rukhu materialʹnoyi tochky [Flat vertical curves that provide constant pressure and velocity of material point]. Vseukrayinsʹkyy naukovo-tekhnichnyy zhurnal «Vibratsiyi v tekhnitsi ta tekhnolohiyakh». VNAU. 2014 r. – Vyp. 1 (73). S. 5-12.

[9]    Aliev E., Bandura V., Pryshliak V., Yaropud V., Trukhanska O.. Modeling of mechanical and technological processes of the agricultural [Modeling of mechanical and technological processes of agricultural]. INMATEH - Agricultural Engineering. vol. 54, no.1. 2018. P. 95-104.

[10] Fyrman YU., Hrushetskiy S. (2015). Kynematycheskyy analyz raboty dynamycheskoho lentochnoho separatora [Kinematic analysis of the work of a dynamic tape separator]. MOTROL. Commission of Motorization and energetics in agriculture. Vol. 17. No.1. 11-16.

[11] Hrushetskiy S., Fyrman YU. (2015). Yssledovanye y obosnovanye parametrov lemeshno-otvalʹnoho kartofelekopatelya s barabannym separatorom kartofelʹnoho vorokha [Investigation and substantiation of the parameters of the saw blade potato digger with the drum separator of the potato heap]. MOTROL. Commission of Motorization and energetics in agriculture. Vol. 17. No.1. 17-26.

[12] Hrushetskiy S.M., Zbaravsʹka L.YU., Semenyshena I.V. (2017). Analiz konstruktyvno-tekhnolohichnykh skhem pidkopuvalʹnykh robochykh orhaniv korenebulʹbozbyralʹnykh mashyn [Analysis of structural and technological schemes of the digging working bodies of the rooting machines]. Suchasni problemy zemlerobsʹkoyi mekhaniky: zbirnyk naukovykh pratsʹ XVIII mizhn. nauk. konf. 16-18 zhovtnya 2017 r. m. Kamʺyanetsʹ-Podilʹsʹkyy. Krok. S. 63-65.

[13] Hrushetskiy S.M., Bendera I.M., Bilous S.V. (2008). Patent №31779. MPK (2006). A01D21/00. Lemish korenebulʹbozbyralʹnoyi mashyny [Blades of the rooting machine]. №u200712978. Zayavl. 23.11. 2007. Opubl. 25.04. 2008. Byul. № 8. 6 s.

[14] Hrushetskiy S.M., Horodynsʹkyy V.O., Stavruk D.V., Hromyk B.I., Dudar M.O. (2015). Patent№ 99259. MPK (2015). A01D21/00. Pidkopuvalʹnyy robochyy orhan dlya korenebulʹbozbyralʹnykh mashyn [Undermining working body for rooting machines]. №u201412978. Zayavl. 15.12.2014. Opubl. 25.05.2015.

[15] Hrushetskiy S.M., Zbaravsʹka L.YU., Semenyshena I.V. (2018). Novyy pidkopuvalʹnyy robochyy orhan dlya korenebulʹbozbyralʹnykh mashyny [New digging work body for rooting machines]. Zbirnyk naukovykh pratsʹ PDATU. Kamʺyanetsʹ-Podilʹsʹkyy. Vyp. 26, chas. 2 (tekhnichni nauky).

[16] Stavruk D.V. (2015). Udoskonalennya pidkopuvalʹnykh robochykh orhaniv dlya kartoplezbyralʹnykh mashyn [Improvement of digging working bodies for potato harvesters]. Naukova robota. 05.05.11. Kharkiv. 98 s.

 

[17]  Horodynsʹkyy V.O., Hrushetskiy S.M. (2016). Obgruntuvannya konstruktsiyi i parametriv pidkopuvalʹnykh robochykh orhaniv dlya kartoplezbyralʹnykh mashyn [Substantiation of the design and parameters of the digging working bodies for potato harvesters]. Naukova robota. 05.05.11. Kharkiv. 87 s.
All journal issues

About journal

Topics of the journal:

The journal "Vibrations   in engineering  and technology" presents materials on the following issues

• Theory of processes and machines
• Mechanical Engineering and materialprocessing
• Processing and food production

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2306-8744
DOI: 10.37128/2306-8744

The certificateof massmediaState registration:kv no 16643-5115 from 30.04.2010 .
Founder of the journal: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Chief editor
Kaletnik Hryhorii Mykolaiovych
Ph.D., Prof., academician of NAAS, VNAU (Vinnytsia)
Chief Editor Deputy
V.V.Adamchuk
DsCProf., NSC IMEG NAAS of Ukraine (Kyiv)
Executive Secretary
Solona Olena
Ph.D., Assoc., VNAU (Vinnytsia)
Members of the editorial board
Bulgakov V.M.- Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Acad.NAAS, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine
Veselovskaya N.R.- Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Derevenko A.I.- Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Zinkovsky A.P.- Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, the Institute of Strength Problems named after H.S.Pysarenko, NAS of Ukraine
Iskovych-Lototskyi R.D.- Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Vinnytsia National Technical University
Kupchuk I.M.- Ph.D, Senior Lecturer, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Nadutyi V.P. - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Geotechnical Mechanics Institute named after  PolyakovM.S. NAS of Ukraine
Matveyeyv V.V.  - Ph.D., Professor, Academician of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, the Institute of Strength Problems named after H.S.PysarenkoNAS of Ukraine
Olshanskyi V.P.  - Ph.D, Professor, Kharkiv National Technical University of Agriculture named after Petro Vasylenko
PoleyvodaYu.A.  - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Spirin A.V.- Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Tverdohlib I.V.  - Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Tokarchuk O.A.- Ph.D., Associate Professor, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
Tsurkan O.V.- Ph.D.  Associate Professor., Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
 Jordan Todorov Maksimov - Doctor of Technical Sciences, Prof., Gabrovo Technical University (Bulgaria)
Kind of publication: journal
Type of publication : Scientific
Publication status: Domestic
Year of founding:
Periodicity: 4 times a year
Extent: 18.75 nominal printed pages
ISSN: 2306-8744 (printed version), (online)
Language of edition  : (mixed languages) Ukrainian, Russian, English
The scope of the distribution and the category of readers: national, foreign, teaching staff, scientists, businessmen.
Periodical is included in the list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine approved by the Order of Ministry of Education and Sciences of Ukraine from 21.12.2015 No. 1328.
The journal "Vibrations in engineering and technology" is included in the "Catalogue of periodicals of Ukraine".
Journal subscription can be executed in each post office department.
 Subscription Index is  99720.

 

Old version of site: http://vibrojournal.vsau.edu.ua/

History of journal:

In June 1994 the 2nd International Scientific and Technical Conference "Application of vibrations for technological purposes" was organized on the basis of Vinnytsia State Agricultural Institute. Leading experts in this field, noting the significant contribution to the school of Vibration Engineering under the leadership of P. S. Bernyk, proposed to create a professional all-Ukrainian scientific and technical journal "Vibration in engineering and technology..The journal was foundedat Vinnytsia State Agricultural Institute and P.S. Bernyk was elected to be the chief editor .
For all these years (since 1994) theJournal "vibration in engineering and technology" published  94 issues wherestudy of vibration effects, the creation of progressive energy saving technologies and equipment for their implementation were highlighted.
Currently Kaletnik H.M  PhD , professor, academician NAAS is the chief editor of the "Vibrations in engineering  and Technology"
The journal "Vibration in Engineering and technology", which has no analogues on the territory of Ukraine, is well known abroad.