OSCILLATIONS OF A PULSE LOADED OSCILLATOR WITH A SQUARE RESISTANCE IN THE COMPOSITION OF THE DISSIPATIVE FORCE
Olshanskiy Vasyl Pavlovych – Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Full Professor, Professor at the Department of Physics and Theoretical Mechanics Petro Vasilenko Kharkiv National Technical University of Agriculture, Alchevskikh str. 44, Kharkiv, Ukraine; 61022; OlshanskiyVP@gmail.com, тел.: (066) 0100955
Slipchenko Maksym Volodymyrovych – Candidate of Technical Sciences (Ph. D.), Associate Professor, Associate Professor at the Department of Physics and Theoretical Mechanics Petro Vasilenko Kharkiv National Technical University of Agriculture, Alchevskikh str. 44, Kharkiv, Ukraine; 61022; Slipchenko_M@ukr.net, тел.: (066) 7120989
Tverdokhlib Igor – candidate of technical sciences, associate professor of the department of general technical disciplines and occupational safety, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University: Vinniytsia, st. Sonyachna 3, VNAU, 21008, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Kupchuk Ihor – Candidate of Technical Sciences (Ph. D in Engeneering), Associate Professor of the Department of General Technical Disciplines and Labor Protection, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (3, Sonychna St., Vinnytsia, 21008, Ukraine, +380978173992, email@example.com, http://orcid.org/0000-0002- 2973-6914).
The unsteady oscillations of a dissipative oscillator caused by an instantaneous impulse of the force are described. The case is considered when the dissipative force consists of quadratic viscous resistance and dry friction, and the theoretical results are generalized to the case of the sum of three forces. The third is the force of positional friction. Formulas for calculating the ranges of oscillations have been constructed In this case, the Lambert function of negative and positive arguments is used. It is a tabulated special function. Its value can also be calculated using its known approximations in elementary functions. It is shown that, due to the action of the dissipative force, the process of post-pulse oscillations consists of a finite number of cycles and is limited in time. This is due to the presence of dry friction among the resistance components. Examples of calculations that illustrate the possibilities of the stated theory are given. In order to check the reliability of the derived calculation formulas, numerical computer integration of the differential equation of motion was also carried out. The convergence of the numerical results obtained by two different methods is shown. Thus, it has been confirmed that with the help of analytical solutions it is possible to find the extreme displacements of the oscillator without numerically solving its nonlinear differential equation of motion. Using Lambert function and the first integral of the equation of motion made it possible to derive precise calculation formulas for determining the range of oscillations caused by the pulsed load of the oscillator. The derived formulas are suitable for calculating the value of the instantaneous impulse applied to the oscillator, which refers to the inverse problems of mechanics. Thus, by measuring the maximum displacement of the oscillator, it is possible to identify the initial velocity or instantaneous impulse applied to the oscillator. The performed numerical computer integration of the output differential equation confirmed the adequacy of the obtained analytical solutions, which concern not only direct, but also inverse problems of dynamics.
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The journal "Vibrations in engineering and technology" presents materials on the following issues
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In June 1994 the 2nd International Scientific and Technical Conference "Application of vibrations for technological purposes" was organized on the basis of Vinnytsia State Agricultural Institute. Leading experts in this field, noting the significant contribution to the school of Vibration Engineering under the leadership of P. S. Bernyk, proposed to create a professional all-Ukrainian scientific and technical journal "Vibration in engineering and technology..The journal was foundedat Vinnytsia State Agricultural Institute and P.S. Bernyk was elected to be the chief editor .
For all these years (since 1994) theJournal "vibration in engineering and technology" published 94 issues wherestudy of vibration effects, the creation of progressive energy saving technologies and equipment for their implementation were highlighted.
Currently Kaletnik H.M PhD , professor, academician NAAS is the chief editor of the "Vibrations in engineering and Technology"
The journal "Vibration in Engineering and technology", which has no analogues on the territory of Ukraine, is well known abroad.