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Vibrations in engineering and technology

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 1(100)

Published: 2021.03.23
DOI: 10.37128/2306-8744-2021-1


Description:
The journal deals with the problems of vibration technologies and machines, mathematical methods of vibration process studies, information on design and technological development, presents teaching and methodological aspects of teaching in the Higher School of Applied Sciences, where vibration machines and technologies are studied.

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MATHEMATICAL MODELING OF VERTICAL OSCILLATIONS OF A CUTTING MACHINE FRONTLY MOUNTED ON AN ARABLE-TILL TRACTOR

DOI: 10.37128/2306-8744-2021-1-5
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Bulgakov Volodymyr - Academician of NAAS, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Mechanics National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, 12B, vul. Heroes of Defense, Kyiv, 03041 e-mail: vbulgakov@meta.ua.

Adamchuk Valeriy - Academician of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Honored Worker of Science and Technology of Ukraine, Laureate of the State Prize of Ukraine in Science and Technology, Director of the National Scientific Center "Institute of Mechanization and Electrification of Agriculture" of the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine, Chief Scientist Secretary of the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine (08631, Vokzalna str., 11, urban settlement Glevakha, Fastovsky district, Kiev region.vvadamchuk@gmail.com)

Kaletnіk Grigory – academician of the NAAS of Ukraine, Doctor of Economics, Professor, Head of the Department of Administrative Management and Alternative Energy Sources of Vinnitsa National Agrarian University (Soniachna Str., 3, Vinnitsa, Ukraine, 21008).

Golovach Ivan - Corresponding Member of the NAAS, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Professor of the Department of Mechanics of the National University of Bioresources and Environmental Management of Ukraine (03041, Heroes Oborony St., 15, Kiev, holovach.iv@gmail.com).

 

Annotation

Experimental studies and production experience show that the most productive and high-quality collection of sugar beet haulms without soil impurities, is possible only when a continuous, carbonless cut of its main mass at the root is carried out. However, the use of haulm toppers with rotary haulm cutters, which are carried out without a guide cut, frontally mounted on energy resources, as well as a significant increase in the working speeds of harvesting, cause intense vibrations of these haulm toppers in the longitudinal-vertical plane, which not only reduces the quality of trimming the heads of root crops, but causes, in general, significant losses of tops. Therefore, there is a need for an analytical determination of the influence of the kinematic and design parameters of a topper, frontally mounted on a wheeled tractor, on the magnitude of the amplitude of oscillations in the longitudinal-vertical plane of its haulm topper. Taking this need into account, in this work we have constructed a computational mathematical model of the movement of a topper front-mounted on a wheeled tractor, based on the use of the original equation of dynamics in the form of Lagrange of the second kind. According to the developed equivalent circuit and the implementation of the necessary mathematical transformations, a nonlinear differential equation was obtained, which describes the oscillations of the rotary cutting device of the topper in the longitudinal-vertical plane when its pneumatic gauge wheels move over the unevenness of the soil surface. According to the compiled program and the numerical solution on the PC of the specified differential equation, rational constructive and kinematic parameters of the topper frontally mounted on the tractor have been determined which reduce the indicated oscillations. So, with the forward speed of movement of the topping unit equal to  = 3,0 m∙ s–1, the vibration amplitude of the topper rotor decreases 1,2 ... 1,5 times in comparison with the height of the field surface irregularities, equal to  = ± 0.04 m. With the vibration amplitude of the lower ends of the knives of the rotary cutting apparatus up to 4 cm, the loss of haulms does not increase significantly. However, with an increase in the amplitude of these fluctuations to 7 cm and more, the loss of tops increases significantly, the maximum values of which exceed 12%.

Keywords: haulms, rotary cutting set, tractor, oscillations, differential equations, rational parameters.

List of references

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5. Reznik, N. E. (1975). Teoriya rezaniya lezviem i osnovy` rascheta rezhushhikh apparatov [Theory of cutting with a blade and the basics of calculating cutting devices]. Moskva: Mashinostroenie. [in Rassian].

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15. Bulgakov, V., Adamchuk, V., Ivanovs, S., Ihnatiev, Y. (2017). Theoretical investigation of aggregation of top removal machine frontally mounted on wheeled tractor. Engineering for rural development. Jelgava, 16, 273–280. [in English].

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

The journal "Vibrations   in engineering  and technology" presents materials on the following issues

• Theory of processes and machines
• Mechanical Engineering and materialprocessing
• Processing and food production

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2306-8744
DOI: 10.37128/2306-8744

The certificateof massmediaState registration:kv no 16643-5115 from 30.04.2010 .
Founder of the journal: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Kind of publication: journal
Type of publication : Scientific
Publication status: Domestic
Year of founding:
Periodicity: 4 times a year
Extent: 18.75 nominal printed pages
ISSN: 2306-8744 (printed version), (online)
Language of edition  : (mixed languages) Ukrainian, Russian, English
The scope of the distribution and the category of readers: national, foreign, teaching staff, scientists, businessmen.
Periodical is included in the list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine approved by the Order of Ministry of Education and Sciences of Ukraine from 21.12.2015 No. 1328.
The journal "Vibrations in engineering and technology" is included in the "Catalogue of periodicals of Ukraine".
Journal subscription can be executed in each post office department.
 Subscription Index is  99720.

 

Old version of site: http://vibrojournal.vsau.edu.ua/

History of journal:

In June 1994 the 2nd International Scientific and Technical Conference "Application of vibrations for technological purposes" was organized on the basis of Vinnytsia State Agricultural Institute. Leading experts in this field, noting the significant contribution to the school of Vibration Engineering under the leadership of P. S. Bernyk, proposed to create a professional all-Ukrainian scientific and technical journal "Vibration in engineering and technology..The journal was foundedat Vinnytsia State Agricultural Institute and P.S. Bernyk was elected to be the chief editor .
For all these years (since 1994) theJournal "vibration in engineering and technology" published  94 issues wherestudy of vibration effects, the creation of progressive energy saving technologies and equipment for their implementation were highlighted.
Currently Kaletnik H.M  PhD , professor, academician NAAS is the chief editor of the "Vibrations in engineering  and Technology"
The journal "Vibration in Engineering and technology", which has no analogues on the territory of Ukraine, is well known abroad.