SIMULATION OF FATIGUE CRACK GROWTH DURING TRANSVERSE VIBRATIONS OF A TURBINE SHAFT
Bovsunovsky Anatoliy – Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Professor of the Department of Heat Power Engineering of National Technical University of Ukraine " Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute ", 03056, 37 Peremohy Ave., Kyiv, Ukraine; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Nosal Oleksandr – PhD student of the Department of Heat Power Engineering of National Technical University of Ukraine " Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute ", 03056, 37 Peremohy Ave., Kyiv, Ukraine; e-mail: email@example.com
In real operational conditions structural elements of steam turbines are subjected to a wide range of thermal and mechanical loading. Even substantial reserve of static and dynamic strength, laid down at the stage of turbine design, can not prevent the appearance of fatigue cracks in structural elements, which lead to catastrophic failures. One of the reasons of damage in structural elements of turbine is technological operations used in the process of manufacture (forging, turning, and milling, heat treatment), since they are accompanied with plastic deformation of material, which is the physical basis of the so-called distributed fatigue damage. It accumulates during long-term cyclic deformation and turns into local damage of a fatigue crack type. In addition, the appearance of cracks in turbine shafts is caused by complex geometry, that is, by the presence of fillets and grooves, which are stress concentrators and, therefore, potential areas of initiation and growth of fatigue cracks. The high pressure rotor of the K-200-130 steam turbine was used to simulate the process of crack growth at forced transverse vibrations of the rotor when it passes through the first critical speed. At this the amplitude-dependent energy dissipation typical for metallic materials was taken into account. There was estimated the maximum stresses arising in the rotor when it passed through the critical speed rotation and the number of loading cycles leading to the crack growth. It was assumed that a crack with a depth of about 1 mm has formed on the surface of the rotor, which is the maximum permissible depth according to the instructions for safe operation of the turbine. The growth rate of this crack is predicted based on the fracture mechanics approaches through the determined maximum stresses in the section with a crack and experimental dependences of the crack growth rate on the stress intensity factor range. Based on the model, the crack growth time is predicted until the rotor loses its bearing ability. Predictions are made for different scenarios of loading and mechanical properties of rotor steel.
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The journal "Vibrations in engineering and technology" presents materials on the following issues
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In June 1994 the 2nd International Scientific and Technical Conference "Application of vibrations for technological purposes" was organized on the basis of Vinnytsia State Agricultural Institute. Leading experts in this field, noting the significant contribution to the school of Vibration Engineering under the leadership of P. S. Bernyk, proposed to create a professional all-Ukrainian scientific and technical journal "Vibration in engineering and technology..The journal was foundedat Vinnytsia State Agricultural Institute and P.S. Bernyk was elected to be the chief editor .
For all these years (since 1994) theJournal "vibration in engineering and technology" published 94 issues wherestudy of vibration effects, the creation of progressive energy saving technologies and equipment for their implementation were highlighted.
Currently Kaletnik H.M PhD , professor, academician NAAS is the chief editor of the "Vibrations in engineering and Technology"
The journal "Vibration in Engineering and technology", which has no analogues on the territory of Ukraine, is well known abroad.