RESEARCH ON THE EFFECT OF THE INITIAL SPEED OF THE MIXTURE ON THE PROCESS OF LOADING
Piven Mykhailo– Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Physics and Theoretical Mechanics, Petro Vasylenko Kharkiv National Technical University of Agriculture (44, Alchevskikh Str., Kharkiv, Ukraine 61022 е-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
The work is devoted to the study of the influence of the initial velocity of the loose mixture on the loading process of the vibrating sieve. The regularities of layer thickness, longitudinal and transverse components of velocity, density of loose mixture and specific load on the entire area of a vibrating sieve are established.
When the initial velocity is less than velocity of the mixture movement on the sieve is the thickness of the layer has become over the entire surface area, the surface density of the mixture decreases, and the longitudinal velocity component increases with length. The transverse velocity component contributes to the rapid redistribution of the mixture from the congested central area to the unloaded lateral ones.
When the initial velocity is equal to the velocity of the mixture movement on the sieve, the thickness of the layer and the surface density of the mixture are constant on the surface area, the longitudinal velocity component is constant along the length and has an initial velocity profile along the width of the sieve, which is aligned with the length. The transverse velocity component decreased and the specific loading deviations increased.
When the initial velocity is greater than the velocity of the mixture movement on the sieve, the thickness of the layer decreases, the surface density of the mixture increases, and the longitudinal velocity component decreases with length. The transverse velocity component is almost absent, the specific loading is uneven throughout the sieve area.
Thus, the value of the initial velocity affects all the characteristics of the loose mixture, and the nature of changing some of them turns to the opposite. When the mixture is unevenly fed across the width at the inlet of the sieve, the increase of the initial velocity increases the uneven distribution of the specific load over the area of the work surface.
The regularities of distribution of the specific load of the sieve are decisive in the design of feeders and distributors of loose mixtures, as well as in calculation of separation modes.
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