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Vibrations in engineering and technology

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 1(104)

Published: 2022.04.29
DOI: 10.37128/2306-8744-2022-1


Description:
The journal deals with the problems of vibration technologies and machines, mathematical methods of vibration process studies, information on design and technological development, presents teaching and methodological aspects of teaching in the Higher School of Applied Sciences, where vibration machines and technologies are studied.

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PERSPECTIVE TECHNOLOGIES AND TECHNICAL TOOLS FOR LIQUID MANURE TREATMENT ON PIG FARMS

DOI: 10.37128/2306-8744-2022-1-12
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Yaropud Vitaliy - Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of machinery and equipment for agricultural production of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (St. Soniachna, 3, Vinnytsia, Ukraine, 21008, e-mail: yaropud77@gmail.com).

Hrytsun Anatoliy – PhD, Associate Professor of the Department of “Agro-engineering and Technical Service” of  Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (3 Solnechnaya St., Vinnitsa, 21008, Ukraine, e-mail: gritsun@vsau.vin.ua).

Mazur Igor - postgraduate student of the Department "Machinery and Equipment of Agricultural Production" of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (3 Sonyachna Street, Vinnytsia, 21008).

 

 

Annotation

The main requirements for manure transportation and treatment systems are the following: ensuring the isolation of manure flows from air, soil, water; ensuring the maximum possible disinfection; ensuring the conversion of chemical elements into a form suitable for consumption by plants. The aim of the research is to analyze the technical and technological equipment of liquid manure processing processes using the process activation unit (UAP) using vortex layer devices (VHF) of ferromagnetic elements. As a result of the analysis of liquid manure processing technology of pigs it is established that the most effective technology in the conditions of Ukrainian farms is liquid manure processing by means of process activation unit (UAP) using vortex layer devices (VHF) of ferromagnetic elements. The essence of the proposed technology is that the manure together with the appropriate reagent in the working area of UAP is activated, which significantly accelerates the chemical reactions associated with the hydrolysis of fatty substances contained in effluents (alkaline environment). At the same time suspended substances in the manure are mechanically treated with ferromagnetic elements. Disinfected liquid manure at the exit of UAP has no specific odor, can accumulate in open manure storages (lagoons) directly on the farm. As a result of the analysis of the principle of work of installation of activation of processes features of its use are established: reception of multicomponent suspensions and emulsions; acceleration of the processes of obtaining fine mixtures, activation of substances both in the dry state and in the form of aqueous dispersions; for purification of industrial wastewater from phenol, formaldehyde, heavy metals, arsenic, cyanide compounds, acceleration of heat treatment processes, obtaining protein substances from yeast cells; increasing the microbiological stability of food and yeast activation in the bakery industry; intensification of extraction processes, including during the preparation of broths, production of berry drinks (juices), pectin, etc .; to obtain suspensions and emulsions of increased microbiological safety in the food industry without the use of stabilizers, as well as increase the yield of finished products. 

Keywords: manure, processing, technology, technical means, processing, efficiency.

List of references

1. Aliyev E.B., Yaropud V.M., Belous I.M. (2020). Substantiation of the composition of the energy-saving system to ensure the microclimate in pig farms. Vibrations in engineering and technology. №2 (97). Р. 129-137. [in Ukrainian].

2. Kitun A.V., Perednya V.I., Romanyuk N.N., Golub G.A., Pavlenko S.I. (2017). Mashiny i oborudovaniye v zhivotnovodstve [Kitun A.V., Perednya V.I., Romanyuk N.N., Golub G.A., Pavlenko S.I. Machinery and equipment in animal husbandryї]. Textbook: NUBiP of Ukraine together with BGATU. Belarus. 459 p. [in Russian].

3. Kaletnik G.M., Lutkovskaya S.M. (2022). Ecological modernization and organic production in the system of ecological safety: monograph. Vinn. nat. agrarian. un-ty. Vinnitsia: VNAU, 2022. 356 р. [in Ukrainian].

4. Aliiev E., Pavlenko S., Aliieva O., Morhun O. (2021). Accelerated biothermal composting of manure-compost mixture. Agraarteadus. Journal of Agricultural Science. 2021. XXXII (2): 169–181. DOI: 10.15159/jas.21.30. [in English].

5. Gritsun A.V., Yaropud V.M., Babin I.A. (2012). Poultry waste is a source of unused energy. Collection of scientific works of VNAU. Series: Technical Sciences. Vinnitsa. Issue № 10 vols. 1 (58). Р. 27-32. [in Ukrainian].

6. Logvinenko D. D., Shchelyakov O. P. (1976). Intensifikatsiya tekhnologicheskikh protsessov v apparatakh s vikhrevym sloyem [Logvinenko D. D., Shchelyakov O. P. Intensification of technological processes in apparatuses with a vortex layer]. Kyiv, "Technology". 143 p. [in Russian].

7. Logvinenko D.D., Shchelyakov O.P., Polshchikov G.A. (1974). Opredeleniye osnovnykh parametrov apparatov s vikhrevym sloyem [Logvinenko D.D., Shchelyakov O.P., Polshchikov G.A. Determination of the main parameters of devices with a vortex layer]. Chemical and petroleum engineering. No. 1. P. 200-206. [in Russian].

8. Apparat vikhrevogo sloya ferromagnitnykh chastits AVEP (AVS) [Apparatus for the vortex layer of ferromagnetic particles AVEP (AVS)]. Access mode: https://globecore.ru/products/avs.html   [in Russian].

9. Dudin V.Y., Romanyukha I.O., Kiryatsev L.O., Gavrilchenko O.S., Povod M.G. (2013). Udoskonalennya protsesu proektuvannya svynoferm v suchasnykh umovakh [Dudin V.Y., Romanyukha I.O., Kiryatsev L.O., Gavrilchenko O.S., Povod M.G. Improving the process of designing pig farms in modern conditions]. Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk State Agrarian University. №2 (32). P. 72-75. [in Ukrainian].

10. Reason M.G., Dudin V.Yu., Shpetniy M.B. (2019). Rozrobka osnovnykh zasad shchodo obgruntovanoho vyznachennya rozmiriv sanitarno-zakhysnykh zon svynoferm: monohrafiya [Reason M.G., Dudin V.Yu., Shpetniy M.B. Development of basic principles for reasonable determination of the size of sanitary protection zones of pig farms: monograph]. Sumy National Agrarian University. 96 p. [in Ukrainian].

11. Dudin V.Yu. (2019). Ohlyad svitovykh praktyk povodzhennya z ridkym hnoyem ta vidpovidnoyi zakonodavcho-normatyvnoyi bazy [Dudin V.Yu. Review of world practices in liquid manure management and relevant legislation]. Innovative projects in the field of technical service of machines: Bulletin of the Petro Vasylenko Kharkiv National Technical University of Agriculture. Vip. 201. pp. 72-80. [in Ukrainian].

 

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

The journal "Vibrations   in engineering  and technology" presents materials on the following issues

• Theory of processes and machines
• Mechanical Engineering and materialprocessing
• Processing and food production

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2306-8744
DOI: 10.37128/2306-8744

The certificateof massmediaState registration:kv no 16643-5115 from 30.04.2010 .
Founder of the journal: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Kind of publication: journal
Type of publication : Scientific
Publication status: Domestic
Year of founding:
Periodicity: 4 times a year
Extent: 18.75 nominal printed pages
ISSN: 2306-8744 (printed version), (online)
Language of edition  : (mixed languages) Ukrainian, English
The scope of the distribution and the category of readers: national, foreign, teaching staff, scientists, businessmen.
Periodical is included in the list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine approved by the Order of Ministry of Education and Sciences of Ukraine from 21.12.2015 No. 1328.
The journal "Vibrations in engineering and technology" is included in the "Catalogue of periodicals of Ukraine".
Journal subscription can be executed in each post office department.
 Subscription Index is  99720.

 

Old version of site: http://vibrojournal.vsau.edu.ua/

History of journal:

In June 1994 the 2nd International Scientific and Technical Conference "Application of vibrations for technological purposes" was organized on the basis of Vinnytsia State Agricultural Institute. Leading experts in this field, noting the significant contribution to the school of Vibration Engineering under the leadership of P. S. Bernyk, proposed to create a professional all-Ukrainian scientific and technical journal "Vibration in engineering and technology..The journal was foundedat Vinnytsia State Agricultural Institute and P.S. Bernyk was elected to be the chief editor .
For all these years (since 1994) theJournal "vibration in engineering and technology" published  94 issues wherestudy of vibration effects, the creation of progressive energy saving technologies and equipment for their implementation were highlighted.
Currently Kaletnik H.M  PhD , professor, academician NAAS is the chief editor of the "Vibrations in engineering  and Technology"
The journal "Vibration in Engineering and technology", which has no analogues on the territory of Ukraine, is well known abroad.