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Vibrations in engineering and technology

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 3 (94)

Published: 2019.06.26
DOI: 10.37128/2306-8744-2019-3


Description:
The journal deals with the problems of vibration technologies and machines, mathematical methods of vibration process studies, information on design and technological development, presents teaching and methodological aspects of teaching in the Higher School of Applied Sciences, where vibration machines and technologies are studied.

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MODELLING OF OILY RAW MATERIAL EXCRACTION PROCESS

DOI: 10.37128/2306-8744-2019-3-12
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Polievoda Yurii – candidate of technical sciences, associate professor of the department of technological processes and equipment for processing and food production, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University: Vinnitsia, st. Sonyachna 3, VNAU, 21008, e-mail: vinyura36@gmail.com.
Tverdokhlib Igor – candidate of technical sciences, associate professor of the department of general technical disciplines and occupational safety, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University: Vinniytsia, st. Sonyachna, 3, VNAU, 21008, e-mail: igor_tverdokhlib@yahoo.com.
Bandura Valentina – candidate of technical sciences, professor of the department of agricultural engineering and technical service, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University: Vinnitsia, st. Sonyachna, 3, VNAU, 21008, e-mail: bandura_3@ukr.net.

Annotation

This paper concentrates on approaches to mathematical modelling of oily raw material extraction process. «Evolution» of modeling hypothesis based on analysis of differential diffusion equation under the right boundary and initial conditions; on simplified model of Fick's equation and on material balance equation; on mass transfer model in adsorption pore volume; on model for the surface layer by analogy of Van der Waals equation; on Gibbs' model based on the abrupt change of phases due to the intermolecular forces; on the simplest Langmuir equation model; on lattice-based models of Guggenheim, Pryhozhyn, Everett, Ohm, Briukhovetskyi and others. The fact that we need to know a large number of micro - parameters makes these models difficult to use in practice.
Under normal extraction conditions, the flow, which comes out of solid phase, collides with the resistance of the diffusion boundary layer, which presents a tangible obstacle affecting the duration and quantity of special-purpose component extraction. As the boundary layer thickness depends on the hydrodynamics of the process, under the influence of the microwave field his obstacle is almost insensible, as the intense movement of liquid reduces its thickness. The main factor acting on the quantity of extracted substance is a pressure difference in capillaries and in the flow of extraction agent and mass transfer coefficient. The effect of pulse microwave input during the extraction transfers the process of diffusion from the external environment to internal, because internal pressure diffusion dominates in this process, but not the convective diffusion with the influence of external agent.

Keywords: mathematical model, extraction process, oily raw material, material balance equation, process of diffusion, extraction agent.

List of references

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

The journal "Vibrations   in engineering  and technology" presents materials on the following issues

• Theory of processes and machines
• Mechanical Engineering and materialprocessing
• Processing and food production

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2306-8744
DOI: 10.37128/2306-8744

The certificateof massmediaState registration:kv no 16643-5115 from 30.04.2010 .
Founder of the journal: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University

Kind of publication: journal
Type of publication : Scientific
Publication status: Domestic
Year of founding:
Periodicity: 4 times a year
Extent: 18.75 nominal printed pages
ISSN: 2306-8744 (printed version), (online)
Language of edition  : (mixed languages) Ukrainian, English
The scope of the distribution and the category of readers: national, foreign, teaching staff, scientists, businessmen.
Periodical is included in the list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine approved by the Order of Ministry of Education and Sciences of Ukraine from 21.12.2015 No. 1328.
The journal "Vibrations in engineering and technology" is included in the "Catalogue of periodicals of Ukraine".
Journal subscription can be executed in each post office department.
 Subscription Index is  99720.

 

Old version of site: http://vibrojournal.vsau.edu.ua/

History of journal:

In June 1994 the 2nd International Scientific and Technical Conference "Application of vibrations for technological purposes" was organized on the basis of Vinnytsia State Agricultural Institute. Leading experts in this field, noting the significant contribution to the school of Vibration Engineering under the leadership of P. S. Bernyk, proposed to create a professional all-Ukrainian scientific and technical journal "Vibration in engineering and technology..The journal was foundedat Vinnytsia State Agricultural Institute and P.S. Bernyk was elected to be the chief editor .
For all these years (since 1994) theJournal "vibration in engineering and technology" published  94 issues wherestudy of vibration effects, the creation of progressive energy saving technologies and equipment for their implementation were highlighted.
Currently Kaletnik H.M  PhD , professor, academician NAAS is the chief editor of the "Vibrations in engineering  and Technology"
The journal "Vibration in Engineering and technology", which has no analogues on the territory of Ukraine, is well known abroad.